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The work of choosing Party representatives is well underway as the Communist Party of China (CPC) gears up for its 19th National Congress which will be held in the latter half of 2017.

A total of 2,300 delegates, chosen by 40 electoral units across the country from among the 88 million Party members, will be elected to attend the CPC National Congress, held every five years.

At least 14 of China's provincial-level administrations have finished the election process, with the remainder reaching the final stages. The elections will be completed by the end of June.

The number of delegates a province can have is primarily decided by the number of Party members there are.

For example, Heilongjiang Province is allotted 50 delegates, while Hainan, with a smaller Party population, can choose 26.

President Xi Jinping, general secretary of the CPC Central Committee, was elected as a delegate to the 19th National Congress by a unanimous vote at the 12th CPC Guizhou provincial congress on April 20. Xi was nominated by the CPC Central Committee as a candidate.

The nomination of potential candidates to become delegates for the congress is proceeding in a "smooth and orderly way," the Organization Department of the CPC Central Committee announced on April 6.

An important issue for the 19th National Congress is to strengthen the system to prevent corruption. Over the past five years, the anti-corruption campaign has achieved significant results, but to maintain a clean political environment, the CPC needs to reinforce "democratic centralism," said Su Wei, a professor at the Party School of the Chongqing Municipal CPC Committee.

Strengthening Xi's core position is about "centralism" which is highly important for the CPC to maintain authority and leadership, and at the same time, the "democratic" part should be strengthened as well to prevent corruption, Su stressed.

The CPC has ordered branch committees to elect more grass-roots delegates to this year's Party congress, and this focus represents a change in Party membership, experts said. Party authorities approved 1.965 million new members in 2015, of whom 977,000 were workers, such as industrial employees, farmers and migrant workers, Xinhua reported.

"The development and reform can't be successful without the participation of grass-roots members," said Zhu Lijia, a professor at the Chinese Academy of Governance.

Publicity work

Liu Yunshan, a member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, underscored the importance of studying speeches made by Xi, Xinhua reported Tuesday.

Chief officials and leading cadres should take the lead in studying Xi's speeches and mastering Marxist standpoints to raise political awareness and improve governing ability, Liu Yunshan said.

Speeches delivered by Xi are the latest achievements in adapting Marxism to Chinese conditions, Liu stressed, asking officials to unite closely around the CPC Central Committee with Xi as the core. Liu also urged officials to reaffirm their faith, represent the interests of the people, be realistic and pragmatic and make bold innovations.

The CPC publicity department held a mobilization meeting on Tuesday to encourage relevant sectors to strengthen publicity on the national development achievements of the CPC in the past five years since the end of 18th CPC National Congress, to create a harmonious and unified social atmosphere for the upcoming Party congress.

Liu Qibao, head of the publicity department of the CPC Central Committee, said that to deliver China's confidence and stories about China's successful development to the outside world, external publicity should be to the point.